Word or Term Definition and/or Meaning
I AM Movement Founded in 1930 by Edna and Guy Ballard (aka Godfry Rey King). King claimed to have met St. Germain on Mt. Shasta, where he was taken inside the mountain and shown the White Brotherhood.  He is the author of 20 volumes of material channeled from the White Brotherhood.
I Ching  (Yi King or The Book of Changes) Traditional Chinese divination method that involves tossing three identical coins or objects six times and using the patterns they form to receive answers to personal questions from the I Ching or Book of Changes.
Iblis (Arabic, probably from Greek diabolos, "devil") The Islamic version of Satan) A complex demonic figure, understood as the fallen angel, the tempter, and the head of the hosts of devils. As an angel, he pridefully refused God's command to bow down before the newly created man Adam and thus was cursed and banished from Paradise. Until the Day of Judgment Iblis will lead the legions of devils in tempting humans to do evil. His major act of cunning was to persuade Adam and Eve to disobey God and eat of the tree of immortality in the Garden, which resulted in their consignment to earthly existence.
Icon (Greek, "image," "portrait") A visual representation of Jesus Christ, the Virgin Mary, angels, individual saints, or events of sacred history, especially in Byzantine and Orthodox Christianity. Varying in size from small portable to wall-size icons, these sacred images were made of mosaic or painted colors, never carved or sculpted.
Iconoclast (Greek, "inage breaker") One who attacks and exposes the error of religious dogma or that attacks the use of images in worship.
Ida An astral or etheric tube or channel which conducts the Shakti force of the Kindalini.. This subtle female energy coils around the central spinal column and intertwines with the Shiva force in its opposite polarity known as Pingala.  Ida terminates in the left nasal sinus.
Idol (Greek eidolon, "image") A pejorative term designating, narrowly, any three-dimensional or sculpted figure, or, more broadly, any bas-relief or painting, mosaic, or mural of a figure representing a god or goddess and used in religious practices. The figure can be in human or animal or other form, including mixed human and animal. Most world religions --ancient and modern, oriental and occidental--view such images as proper representations of divine beings to be the focus during worship. By contrast, some religions--Hebraism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam--ban all representation of God in any form.
Idolatry Idolatry is the adoration, prayer, or worshipof an image. It is only an issue among the Protestants and Moslems. In a loose sense, idolatry does not necessitate a material image nor a religious system. It can be anything that takes the place of God: a car, a job, money, a person, a desire, etc. 
Ikhnaton See: Akhenaton
Illuminati ( from the Latin - lluminatur, “enlightened.”) 
1) A rationalistic society founded in Germany soon after 1776 by Adam Weishaupt, a  professor of canon law.. 
Originally promoted free thought and democratic political theories. It had close affinities with the Freemasons and seemingly was organized on a Masonic plan. For ten years it was very popular among German rationalists, but as a society it had limited influence. The Roman Catholic Church, which Weishaupt left in his youth and rejoined before his death, condemned the Illuminati; in 1785 the Bavarian government dissolved the organization, believing it was secretly trying to take over monarchies. All members were arrested except for Weishaupt who fled, and is believed by some to have escaped to America.  Many people today believe that Weishaupt recreated the society in America and that today it is the power behind all the world's governments and giant corporations.
2) In Spain and Italy in the 15th cent. the term Illuminati referred to persons believed to hold supernatural mental powers.
3)  an order of Freemasons called Illuminati
4)Other groups using the name have included a mystical sect that flourished in the 16th cent, in Spain and France, the original Rosicrucians, and certain followers of Boehme and Swedenborg. 
Imam  (Arabic, "leader") A leader of Muslim ritual prayers and, occasionally, a title for an authoritative religious scholar. By extension, this quranic term evolved to refer also to the overall head of the Muslim community. While Shia Muslims believe that the Prophet Muhammad designated Ali as the first Imam, initiating a tradition of hereditary succession, continuing leadership, and spiritual authority, Sunni Muslims have held to choice by consensus, citing the selection of Abu Bakr as the first caliph. Thus, the two groups have differed in history over the choice of the imam, his status, and the nature of his custodial role.
Imbolc Pagan holiday or Wiccan sabbat, celebrated on or about February. 2.
Immaculate Conception A Roman Catholic doctrine about Mary's sinlessness, declared as a divinely revealed dogma by Pope Pius IX (1854) that she was from conception, by the singular grace of God, free from all stain of original sin. The feast day is celebrated December 8.
Immortality Life without death anytime in the future.  Not exactly the same as eternal.  Eternal means without beginning or end.  Immortal allows for a beginning.
Immutability:
Unchangeableness. That which is truly real.  God is immutable.  Immutability  means that God does not vary or change in any way.  Mormonism irnores the immutability of God and says that God was not always God, that he was once a man on another planet who became a God.
Inanna: (Sumerian, "Mistress of Heaven")
The Sumerian goddess of love and war, identified with the Akkadian Eshtar (Ishtar). Her name reflects her identity as Venus, both morning and evening star; her father is either the sky god or the moon god, her brother the sun god. Her main cult center was Uruk (biblical Erech), but her worship, as a hymn proclaims, was universal. Her character was complex: bloodthirsty warrior (battle was her dance), willful girl, fickle lover. She is married but also the harlot, and her cult seems to have been in part orgiastic, staffed by eunuchs, transvestites, and homosexuals.
Incantation:
The spoken part of a spell
Incarnation:      
In Christian theology, when God became a man, taking on the physical nature of Jesus, creating the second person of the Trinity, an addition of human nature to the nature of God. The doctrine is of vital importance to the Christian.  This doctrine says only God could pay for sins, therefore, God became man to die for our sins which is the atonement.  (Contrast with Kenosis.) 
Incense:
Aromatic herb or wood made into a fine powder to be burned for enjoyment of its pleasant fragrance; used as an offering at rituals or during religious ceremonies.
Incubus:
 
Indra: (Sanskit, "virile power")
Lord of heaven and king of the gods in Vedism and Hinduism. As the warrior god of the Indo-Aryans in their invasion of the Indian subcontinent, he is the supreme god of the Rig Veda, where he is invoked to help his human allies conquer their enemies, called Dasas ("slaves") or Panis, indigenous people assimilated to demons and said to have stolen cows from the Aryans and hidden them in a cave; in retrieving the cows, Indra also finds the sun. As god of rain, with the phallic thunderbolt for his weapon, he kills Vritra, the serpent demon of drought, and he is invoked for the fecundity of humans and animals. In later Hinduism he endures in mythology but is no longer worshiped.
Indulgence:
In Christianity, the remission of public penace imposed on a sinner by the church; in later Catholicism, the Church's remission of punishment in purgatory due to sin in view of prayers or good works done by a penitent. Misunderstandings and abuses of this practice were widely noted in the late Middle Ages and became one of the causes of the Protestant Reformation in sixteenth-century Germany.
Inerrancy, Biblical:    
The Christian belief that the Bible is free from error. In its most extreme form inerrancy insists that although the Bible is not primarily a book of history, geography, or science, when it speaks of these matters it is free from error of any sort. The contention is that if error is admitted at any point a similar claim could be made at every point. Total inerrancy is usually limited, in theory, to the original manuscripts (autographs), but in practice it is often applied to the particular translation used by a community committed to inerrancy, for example, the Vulgate for Roman Catholics until recently, and the King James Version for fundamentalist Protestants.   A more moderate form of inerrancy maintains that freedom of error is limited to matters of faith and practice, allowing for human conditioning with respect to historical, geographical, and scientific details that do not pertain to salvation. Proponents of this position sometimes adopt the term infallibility rather than inerrancy. This distinction is not used consistently. The notions of inerrancy or infallibility have direct import not only on theological issues but on the authority of the biblical texts for contemporary ethical and moral issues.
Infallibility
Roman Catholic doctrine, proclaimed at the First Vatican Council (1869-70) that an official proclamation directed to the entire Church by the pope on matters of faith and morals contains no errors.
Infant Baptism:
The practice within some Christian groups of baptizing newborn or young children, rather than only adults. When the child reaches the age of accountability, it must vow faith in Christ and commitment to the Christian church. Infant baptism has been a recurrent source of controversy in Christian history, especially during the time of the Reformation.
Infibulation:
A ritual sewing or stapling together of the labia of the genitals so as to prevent sexual intercourse. A feature in women's puberty ceremonies.
Infralapsarianism:     
An issue within Reformed Christian theology dealing predestination.  It tries to explain what may have happened in God's mind regarding the logical order of his considering whom to elect into salvation before the foundation of the world.  The word means "after the fall."  The position is that God first decided he would allow sin into the world and second that he would then save people from it.  By contrast, the supralapsarian ("before the fall") position holds that God first decided that he would save some people and then second that he would allow sin into the world.  
Initiation:
1)An event, or doorway, that acts as an expansion or transformation of a person's consciousness. An initiate's consciousness has to some degree been transformed so that he now perceives reality from a higher perspective. There are many types of initiation, either of spiritual or social nature. 2) a ritual that elevates an individual to a higher office in a social or religious organization .(See Spiritual  Initiation)
Inner Light:
Concept promulgated by Quaker theologian Robert Barclay (1648-90) in Apology for the True Christian Religion (1678). It is the certitude of inward knowledge and confidence in the Holy Spirit within the Christian that negates the need for or authority of external agencies, whether the sacraments, ordained ministry, or the Bible.
Inner Peace Movement:(IPM)
 IPM was founded in 1964 by Dr. Francisco Coll and others -  to help searchers  help themselves through the establishment of a clear two-way communication with their personal guides (or angels). 
Inner Self:
Refers to the inner divinity from which the being and personality evolve. The Unconscious, the Subconsicous, the Higher Self,  The Christ.
Inquisition:
A Roman Catholic tribunal that conducted ecclesiastical legal proceedings to identify and punish heretics. The first Inquisition was established in 1229.
Inquisition, Spanish:
A series of official Roman Catholic investigations, lasting from 1479 to 1814, to identify and condemn heretics, witches and Jewish or Muslim converts to Christianity who continued to practice their original religion. In the sixteenth century, its scope was expanded to include Protestants.
Inspiration:
The belief that   human actions of extraordinary insight, worth or power are due to inspiration - an inflow of psychic force,  life-giving breath. The idea of inspiration in Christian theology may be traced to Hebrew prophecy and to Greek philosophy. The most important theological problems of inspiration concern the subjects, the sources, the means and the criteria of true inspiration as distinguished from false, rather than the reality if inspiration itself.  The question of the proper subject of inspiration�whether a person, a community or a book may properly be said to be inspired�has been greatly confused in history by getting involved in the problem of church authority,. thus the doctrine of the inspiration of scriptures was largely developed to secure the Roman church against Protestantism when the Protestants made claims the inspiration for their special leaders The doctrine that ecumenical councils or popes are inspired when speaking on matters of faith and morals was developed partly to deal with the Protestants'  rigid scriptural �constitutionalism�. The problem of the source of inspiration was raised in Hebrew thought by the appearance of false prophecy, and by the consequent question for monotheism in what sense such inspiration came from God. In Christian theology the questions were to what extent the inspiring principle in the Godhead was distinct from the creating and redeeming principle, in what sense it proceeded from one or both of these. The question about the means of inspiration has been dealt with indirectly and in confusion with the question of subject and criteria. The orthodox Protestant and Catholic churches have emphasized the importance of Scriptures, of church discipline and instruction as the ordinary means through which inspiration comes. Mystic and sectarian groups have shown a larger interest in other means�asceticism, the practice of silence, etc. In the Protestant doctrine of the �testimony ~ the Holy Spirit�� which must accompany the reading of the word if there is to be true inspiration and in Roman as well as Eastern Catholic acceptance of monasticism the great churches have made some approach to the interests of the sects and mysticism  Among the criteria employed by religious thought to distinguish true from false inspiration the most important are: 1) the consistency of the product of inspiration not only in itself but also and primarily with accepted norms, i.e., with the moral laws, the �spirit of Jesus Christ,� the Scriptures, the common understanding of the community.  2) the test of true inspiration is the truth of prediction. This test, which the basis of  modern science, has been used apologetically rather than critically, to validate the inspiration of scriptures, as in the argument from prophecy�; 3) disinterestedness, that is the extent to which personal interests and opinions are absent or negated in the �inspired� utterance; in the extreme form, . 4) Intelligibility might be added as a fourth criterion of the validity of inspiration though not a test of its truth, since the unintelligible cannot be said to be true or false. . Also, the Protestant doctrine that the Bible was written by the influence of God. It is, therefore, without error. It is accurate and authoritatively represents God's teachings.   It is an illumination in that it shows us what we could not know apart from it. Believers know that the Bible is inspired, because it says so.
Institute of Noetic Sciences:
From Greek word nous, meaning �mind.� Founded by Edgar Mitchell in 1973 with 55,000 members worldwide.  Teaches and researches healing through mind power. 
Intention:
In magick and affirmation, the focus of the mind, the sense of purpose that leads to action.
Intercession:
The actions taken by one person on behalf of another, usually to rectify some form of religious offense.
Interconnectedness, Interdependence:
Words are used by New Agers to describe the oneness and essential unity of everything in the universe. All of reality is viewed as interdependent and interconnected.
International Society for Krishna Consciousness: (See ISKCON)
International Society of Divine Love:(ISDL)
Founded by H.D. Prakashanand Saraswati, Hindu-based organization teaching Bhakti  Yoga.
International Society for Krishna Consciousness:(ISKCON)
Founded by A.C. Bhaktivendanta Swami Prabhupada. A Hindu  religion which worships Lord Krishna and uses the Bhagavad-Gita.
Investigative Judgment:
A unique doctrine of the Seventh-day Adventist Church. First taught in  by Hiram Edson, F.B. Hahn, and O.R.L. Crosier. it was accepted as doctrine after it was confirmed and taught in visions received by Ellen G. White.  The doctrine teaches that in the Holy of Holies in the Heavenly Sanctuary Christ is now conducting an investigation into the lives of all who have ever professed belief in him. He is judging all their works, by the standard of God�s Law. All those whose lives fail to measure up to the standard of the Law are rejected and condemned as not having true faith. Those whose lives meet that standard and thus manifest the perfect character and righteousness of Christ are recognized as having true faith, and so their sins are "blotted out."  
Invocation:
The bringing of a divine power from the exterior into a ritual or magickal working through chant or prayer. An invocation is generally an acknowledgement of the deity and a request that they be present for the working.
Iridology:
A science developed by Ignatz Peczeky involving the study of the iris of the eye as a diagnostic tool to reveal health or disorders in the human body. It is based on the premise that the nerves, muscle fibers and blood vessels in the iris are connected to corresponding locations in the body.
Isa:
One of the characters, whose elements contributed to the building up of the myth of Jesus in the first centuries of the Christian era.
Ishtar: (Akkadian, "The goddessb Isis")
The goddess par excellence of the Sumero-Babylonian pantheon. She was fused with the Sumerian Inanna, "Lady of Heaven," and with the West Semitic Astarte (and Attar). Sexual and warlike, terrestrial and astral, Ishtar was associated with fertility and identified with the planet Venus.
Isis: (Greek, from  the Egyptian "Ast")
An ancient Egyptian goddess of great power, wife and sister of Osiris and mother of Horus. After Osiris's murder by Seth, she collected his dismembered body and through her magic restored him to life in the hereafter. She was best known as a protective Mother Goddess, depicted as a falcon or a woman with outstretched wings. (See Goddess, Nepthys)
ISKCON: 
Acronym for International Society for Krishna Consciousness.
Islam: 
A world religion based on the teachings and life of Muhammad (570-632 AD) in Mecca and Medina, Saudi Arabia (then Persia). Islam is the second largest world religion, and has recently become the third largest religious body in America.  Islam is composed of two major divisions: the mainstream Sunni (the largest) and the more radical Shiiites.  The mystical tradition of Sufism includes many Sunnis and some Shiiites.  The Arabic word Islam means "submission to the will of God" and a person who submits is called a Muslim.  The Quran (or, Koran), the Torah, the Psalms of the Old Testament, and the Gospel of the New Testament are regarded as holy books.  However, only the Quran is considered uncorrupted.  While many Muslims exhibit tolerance towards other faiths, even today Islamic fundamentalism promotes jihad (holy war), against those of other religious and political views.
Issa:
One of the characters, whose elements contributed to the building up of the myth of Jesus in the first centuries of the Christian era.
 
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