||Definition and/or Meaning
(Greek, "the place of the dead")
1) The brother of Zeus and god of the underworld in
ancient Greek belief.
2) A name denoting the underworld or the astral world or
hell, "house of Hades," where the dead lead a bleak
existence. Myths about Hades tell of special
punishments created for a few, offenders of the gods,
e.g., Sisyphus, Tantalus, and Tityus. It was taught in
ancient times that Hades was located beneath the surface
of the Earth, that it was both a place of punishment and
reward. It was surrounded by the River Styx. The
boatman Charon rowed the dead across the river from the
world of the living to the world of the dead. It was
customary to tip the boatman.
The Jewish text read and discussed at the Passover meal,
the seder. Evolved for the purpose of fulfilling the
Torah's command to recount the Exodus (Exodus 13:8), the
Haggadah contains passages from the Bible, Talmud, and
Midrash that elaborate the story and explicate the
meaning of the seder rituals and foods. It closes with
prayers, psalms, and hymns.
(Greek, "Holy Wisdom")
Sixth-century Christian church designed by Isidorus of
Miletus and Anthemius of Tralles for Justinian in
Constantinople. Originally decorated with glowing
mosaics, Hagia Sophia fell victim to both Christian and
Muslim iconoclasts. It is now a mosque.
Biographies and legends of holy persons.
Ave Maria, Rosary. Roman Catholic prayer based on Luke
"Hail Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with thee.
Blessed art thou amongst womenand blessed is the
fruit of thy womb, Jesus.
Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us
sinners, now, and in the hour of our death.
The first part is taken from the Gospel of St. Luke and
joins together the words of the Angel Gabriel at the
Annunciation (Lk 1:28) together with Elizabeth's
greeting to Mary at the Visitation (Luke 1:42). The
joining of these two passages can be found as early as
the fifth, and perhaps even the fourth, century in the
eastern liturgies of St. James of Antioch and St. Mark
of Alexandria. Later, probably by Pope Urban IV around
the year 1262, Jesus' name was inserted at the end of
the two passages. The
second half of the prayer (Holy Mary..) can be traced
back to the 15th century where two endings are found.
One ending, Sancta Maria, Mater Dei, ora pro nobis
peccatoribus, is found in the writings of St. Bernardine
of Siena (1380-1444 AD) and the Carthusians. A second
ending, Sancta Maria, Mater Dei, ora pro nobis nunc et
in hora mortis nostrae, can be found in the writings of
the Servites, in a Roman Breviary, and in some German
Dioceses. The current form of the prayer became the
standard form sometime in the 16th century and was
included in the reformed Breviary promulgated by Pope
St. Pius V in 1568"
God by making the pilgrimage to Mecca at a specific time
and place in a specific way. The majority of the
scholars hold that Hajj was prescribed in the sixth year
after Hijrah (Migration of the Prophet from Mecca to
Medina) for it was then that the following verse
concerning it was revealed: "And complete the Hajj and
'Umrah in the service of Allah" (Quran 2.194).
(Hebrew, "Praise God")
A biblical acclamation from the Psalms often used in
prayers and hymns in Christian churches especially on
festal occasions. It is also spelled (h)alleluia.
known as Samhain) The
term Halloween originally
referred to All Hallows' Eve, a Catholic observance of
the night before All Saints' Day. However, in modern
American it has reverted back to its original Pagan
roots.. A Wiccan religious high or holy day (see Wicca)
. Celebrated on October 31st, children are encouraged to
wear costumes and solicit candy door-to-door
Light, usually in the shape of a circle, around head of
a supernatural being or holy person. It a ring that
forms around the brow chakra as it exits the back of the
head in the aura.
Steven Halpern (b. 1947) an American new-age musician.
He is a Grammy-award nominee and considered to be one of
the founding fathers of new-age music.
His best- known work is Spectrum Suite
King of Babylon (ca.
1792 to 1750 BC) The sixth of his family to rule
in the area of Babylon, under whom Babylon become a
major power. His most famous achievement was his
so-called law code, a misnomer because Mesopotamian law
was never codified. The laws, engraved on a stone stele,
are a collection of customary law, difficult cases,
clarifications and refinements of existing law, and some
theoretical expansions covering a range of public and
private issues. Their importance for judicial practice
is dubious. In forming such a collection, the work of
chancery scribes, Hammurabi was following a tradition of
half a millennium. A prologue and epilogue, in
contrast to the laws themselves, are written in a
solemn, highly stylized language. They frame the laws
and give them their religious context. The latter is
reaffirmed by the representation on the stele of a god,
probably Marduk, giving Hammurabi symbols of his
authority as legislator and judge. The prologue itself
tells of the choice of Hammurabi by the gods "to make
equity appear in the land." The laws engraved on the
stone stele comprise a majestic document, and it was
copied for over a thousand years, even outside
One who uses a person's hands, fingers and nails to
attune to the person's life, character and emotions.
The Wiccan equivalent of a wedding ceremony. It is only
legal if performed by a registered clergyman.
Handfasting vows are meant to be renewed annually, and
thus are a "safer" commitment than marriage unless made
Hands, Laying on of
In Christianity, the widely used gesture of placing the
hands on a person's head, signifying blessing, healing,
transmission of the power of the Holy Spirit, exorcism
of demonic powers, ordination to a church ministry.
The study of a person's
handwriting to discover personal information such as health,
character, personality and life circumstances.
In Hinduism, the monkey god born of Vayu, the Wind, and the nymph
Anjana. Hanuman, also known as Hanumat or Mahavira ("great hero"),
is Rama's chief agent in the Valmiki Ramayana and
is later portrayed as Vishnu-Rama's paradigmatic devotee.
Characterized by strength and the ability to leap or fly and change
form and size, he appears in classical and folk traditions
throughout South and Southeast Asia.
Happy Hunting Ground:
An popular phrase for the Native
American view of the afterworld. It does notd3erive from Native
The vital energy center of the human body. It is located at the
second chakra, (the navel) internally.
Nickname for the International
Society for Krishna Consciousness.(ISKON)
In Hindu theology, the supreme
personality of Godhead. Vishnu, Krishna
The study of
the doctrine of sin.
An assembly of millions of New
Agers gathered at spiritual sites (vortexes) around the world. to
usher in peace on earth and the unity of all life and acknowledge
that the New Age had arrived. Held August 16�17, 1987, it was
formulated by Jose Arguelles, based on Mayan prophecies and astrologicalconjecture.
Other significant dates were 31 December 1987 and a culmination in
hasid, "pious" or "pietist")
A Jewish religious movement that emerged in the second half of the
eighteenth century beginning in Podolia in the Ukraine and then
spreading to other parts of eastern Europe, including central
Poland, Galicia, Hungary, and Belorussia-Lithuania. The founder of
the movement is considered to be Israel ben Eliezer Baal Shem Tov,
known as the Besht, whose life is embellished by many legends
attributing to him extraordinary spiritual powers. The ground for
Hasidism was prepared by the formation of various mystic circles
characterized by a distinctive pattern of religious asceticism, in
some cases establishing their own form of prayer in independent
synagogues. From these small ascetic groups Hasidism grew into a
major social movement. The period of the most intense flourishing
of Hasidism was between 1773 and 1815, when the disciples of Dov
Baer of Mezhirech, successor to the Besht, helped to spread the
movement by establishing centers throughout eastern Europe. Beside
the claim that one must worship God through physical acts such as
eating, drinking, and sexual relations. is a metaphysics that sees
God as the sole reality filling all worlds, where reality is but the
veil or garment of the divine light. In some Hasidic texts, this
monistic tendency comes very close to denying the independent
existence of the world vis-a-vis the divine.
Stretching exercises that
supposedly liberate spiritual energy. Union with the supreme via
from Egyptian, "mansion of Horus")
The ancient Egyptian goddess of love
and inebriation, daughter and wife of the sun god, Re. She was a
protectress of the dead and destroyer of sinners.
New Age, metaphysical counselor
and author. Her most important book is .You can Heal Your Body.
Healthy, Happy, and Holy:
An instructional group founded by the Indian Sikh Dharma Yogi Bhajan
in Los Angeles, California, in 1968 to promote holistic well-being
through kundalini yoga. Flourishing during the period of most
intense international interest in Asian meditation techniques, the
3HO taught a simplified or neo-Hindu practice for awakening the
psychic energy believed to lay dormant within the human body. (See
A Mahayana Buddhist scriptural
text that expounds, in condensed form, the doctrine of the
Perfection of Wisdom. The text is Indian in origin and achieved its
greatest popularity in China and East Asia. Its best-known teaching
is the claim: "Form is Emptiness, and the very Emptiness is Form."
Literally the floor of the fireplace. In ancient (and fairly recent)
times, the hearth, was the "heart" of the home and the family. In
fact, it was so much at the hub of living that its second definition
has become "home and family." The hearth was the place where the
family gathered to ward off winter's chill, cook the food that
sustained life, prepare the poultices and herbal tinctures for
healing, and tell stories and songs long into the night.
Derogatory term for a religion
that is neither Jewish nor Christian.
.1) The place where God
dwells 2) the spirit world, 3) erroneously, the afterlife, another
name for Paradise. Judeo-Christian scripture speaks of three
heavens. The first is to the atmospheric heavens of the birds and
clouds. The second heaven is the area of the stars and planets. The
third heaven is the abode of God.
Founded by Marshall Applewhite and
Bonnie Lou Nettles in Rancho Santa Fe, CA: Applewhite (a.k.a. Do)
and 38 other members committed suicide in March of 1997, believing
that by leaving their bodies behind they could join Nettles (a.k.a.
Ti) and other "older members" from "the next level above human" on a
UFO supposedly hidden behind the Hale-Bopp comet.
ancient Greek goddess of pathways and crossroads and associated with
sorcery and the moon.
The mythological Scandinavian
god who was the son of nine giant-mothers, guardian of the world,
and the father of humankind.
A flight or departure; any flight or journey to a more desirable or
congenial place than where one is. The flight of the Muslim prophet
Mohammed from Mecca, September 13, 622 AD, (subsequently
established as the first year of the Muslim era); hence any flight
or exodus regarded as like that of Mohammed. Note: The starting
day of the Mulim calendar begins, not from the actual date of the
hejira, but from the first day of the Arabic year, which
corresponds to July 16, A. D. 622.
1) A Norse mythological being,
daughter of Loki and queen of the realm of death. 2) The name of the
The ancient Greek sun god,
with a significant cult only in Rhodes. From the fifth century BC,
he was identified with Apollo.
The place of the dead not only
the grave, but also the place the soul goes after death. There are
several words translated as Hell in the Bible: Hades - A Greek word.
It is the place of the dead, the location of the person between
death and reincarnation. Gehenna - A Greek word. It was the place
where dead bodies were dumped and burned and has come to designate
the place of eternal punishment Sheol - A Hebrew word in the Old
Testament, Hell is usually divided in a place of delight and a place
of torment. In Christian doctrine Hell is a place of eternal fire
that is prepared for the devil and his angels and will be the abode
of the wicked and the fallen angels
A seven-pointed star drawn
with one unbroken line. Symbolic of the number seven, which is
important not only to the seven traditional astrological planets but
also to the seven planes or heavens and the seven chakras.
An ancient Greek goddess
presiding over marriage and the lives of women. She is the daughter
of Kronos and Rhea and the sister and wife of Zeus.
A Greek mystic philosopher
from Ephesus who wrote about the Word of God (Logos) in an obscure
and oracular style. Heracleitus identified the sole deity variously
as Zeus, Thunderbolt, War, and perhaps Fire. Although everything is
in flux, all things are one. Only divine judgment is inerrant and
sees that all is good; humans are woefully confused. Heracleitus
rejected religious anthropomorphism and ridiculed the mythographers.
The afterlife would not be what we expect; Heracleitus did not say,
however, what it would be.
A healer who understands the
medicinal value of plants and prepares herbal formulas to strengthen
the natural functions of the body so that it may heal itself.
A person who descends from a
line of witches and has learned the Craft from a member of this
dissension or division arising from
diversity of opinions and aims. The term is usually reserved to
refer to false teachings considered so serious that belief in them
excludes the followers from membership and salvation;
view that deviates from orthodoxy, a teaching declared to be
A person who teaches or believes heresy.
Hermas, The Shepherd of:
One of the most widely known early
Christian texts, said to have been written in Italy about the year
90. It is a mixture of Hermetic, Sybilline and Judeo/Christian
apocalype that contains no definite quotation from the Bible.
hermeneuein, "to interpret," from messenger-god, Hermes)
The general theory and applied practice of interpretation.
Originally concerned with interpreting revered texts, the term now
refers to interpretive understanding in general. Hermeneutics seeks
to clarify the interpretation of the meanings of any manifestation,
expression, or human trace: textual, verbal, visual, logical,
unconscious, conventional, and so on. Formerly an adjunct of
theology, it encompasses other areas of binding meaning, such as
law, art, history, philology, and the humanities.
In Greek mythology son of Zeus
and Maia. He was the messenger god, a friend of humans, and
associated with trickery, herds, the lyre, and the dead.. Often
associated with Mercury.
The patron deity of the
hermetic literature written in Egypt in the second and third
centuries A fusion of Greek "Guide of Souls" Hermes and the
Egyptian god Thoth, the legendary sage and inventor of writing.
A Greek poet In the Theogony he
describes the genealogy of the Olympian gods, of whom Zeus was king,
and how they came to power and suppressed revolts against their
authority. After praising the muses, divine patrons of the arts, the
poet describes the origin of the universe in terms of mating and
procreation. The first ruler of the gods was Ouranos ("Sky") and
Gaia ("Earth"). Ouranos was overthrown by his children, the Titans,
led by Kronos, who castrated his father. Kronos swallowed his own
children by Rhea, until she tricked him by giving him a stone to
swallow in place of the infant Zeus, who grew up to overthrow his
father. The succession of dynasties clearly reflects the succession
myth known in the ancient Near East. For Hesiod, Zeus is not only
the ultimate victor in the struggles between the gods but the
guarantor of justice and human morality. Heterodoxy:
An unorthodox belief. In
general usage, it is a less condemnatory term than "heresy." Hexagram:
A geometric figure formed by
two overlapping triangles, also called the Star of David. While it
is used in modern magick to invoke or banish spirits, it is
A pictographic character in
the ancient Egyptian writing system, invented before 3000 BC. Any
Hierarchy: (see Spiritual
A priest of the mysteries.
Hieros Gamos: (Greek,
Ritual sexual relations between a king, understood as in some sense
divine, and a goddess. Whether this is done through mimetic
activities or with an actual woman playing the role of a goddess
varies and often remains obscure.
High Church, Low Church:
In the Anglican or Episcopal
Christian church, terms used to distinguish traditions that
emphasize either its Catholic and liturgical heritage (High) or its
evangelical roots (Low).
Ceremonial magick involving
the actions of deities or spirits.
A male witch within a coven
who has been initiated into the 3rd degree. Abbreviated in written
rituals as HP.
A female witch within a coven
who has been initiated into the 3rd degree. Abbreviated as HPS in
written rituals. Often the head of the coven.
The True Self. The real being
who expresses the soul and the body, as
opposed to what the person seems to be or thinks they are.. The
The emigration of the Prophet Muhammad
from Mecca to Medina in 622. For years, Muhammad had preached to the
Meccans with little success, losing the essential support of his own
clan. Yet, Muhammad's moral prestige and statesmanship impressed
Medina's wrangling tribes, who agreed to defend him and his
followers if he would arbitrate their disputes. The persecuted
Muslims then emigrated from Mecca, followed by Muhammad, with his
confidant Abu Bakr, who left secretly to avoid ambush. In Medina,
Muhammad quickly attained sovereignty. In Muslim historiography, 622
equals a.h. 1 (anno Hegirae). Since then, occasional calls
for hijra have been made by Muslims advocating emigration from
A term used by some members of the
schools comprising the Mahayana ("Great Boat") schism of Buddhism to
refer to the practitioners, practices, and scriptures of their
The major world religion that
originated from the ancient religions of India. The ancient gods
(especially the triad of Brahma, Vishnu,
are commonly interpreted as representations of the various aspects
of the divine (Brahman). Human beings progress to the ultimate
realization of their oneness with Brahman (often called Nirvana)
through reincarnation according
to the law of karma.
Some of the concepts of Hinduism are incorporated, modified, and
expanded upon in the New
Jibberish formula used in
magical procedure. Some argue that the term is a corruption of the
central words of institution in the Catholic Mass, "this is my body"
(hoc est enim corpus meum).
The theory that all reality is
organically one. Everything in the universe is viewed as
interrelated and interdependent.
A view of health care focusing
on the �whole self� (body, mind and spirit) and natural or spiritual
cures. The system embraces both traditional and New Age therapy.
A sacrifice in which the
offering is wholly destroyed by fire, Usually used to describe the
mass destruction of the Jews under Nazi rule, or of the Witches
during the Inquisition.
A three-dimensional projection
resulting from the interaction of laser beams. Scientists have
discovered that the image of an entire hologram can be reproduced
from any one of its many component parts. New Agers use this to
illustrate that each object in the universe is merely one component
of the whole.
A non-drug technique of
self-exploration and healing using controlled breathing, evocative
music, focused body work and mandala drawing to access all levels of
human experience. Created by Stanislov and Christina Grof.
A quality of
perfection, sinlessness, and blessedness.
Older Christian term for Holy
Holy of Holies:
The innermost and most sacred
room of the Jewish temple, restricted to all but the high priest on
the Day of Atonement.
Holy Order of MANS:
Age group founded by
Earl W. Blighton that practiced esoteric,
mystical religion blending biblical themes with reincarnation and
other concepts from Eastern religions and the occult.
Blighton, an ex-engineer who was once fined for practicing medicine
without a license, began the order in 1968. "MANS" was an acronym
for a phrase revealed only to initiates. After advancing through
the order, men reached the status of Brown Brother of the Holy
Light, while women might become an Immaculate Sister of Mary for
Missionary Training. After the death of Blighton, the group
underwent radical changes. The majority of followers converted to
Eastern Orthodoxy and
the order eventually was transformed into Christ the Savior
Brotherhood, a sect of Eastern Orthodoxy. Several competing groups
later formed claiming to preserve Blighton's original purpose and
message. They include the Gnostic
Order of Christ, Science
of Man, and the American
Popular name for ecstatic
American Christian groups (most frequently Pentacostals) who
manifest experience of the Spirit by jumping, dancing and rolling on
Holy Spirit, The:
person of the Christian godhead. He is called the Spirit of God,
the Holy Ghost, and Eternal Spirit in Christian scripture. The Holy
Ghost was considered female until around the fifth century. (See Trinity and Holy
Water consecrated by the
blessing of the priest in certain Christian churches for use upon
entering a church and in ceremonies. The water and its use symbolize
purity and regeneration.
The remembrance of the
passion, death, and resurrection of Jesus celebrated annually in
Christian churches. Palm Sunday marks the beginning of the week,
followed by Holy Thursday, Good Friday, the Easter Vigil on Saturday
evening, and Easter Sunday. This complex of feasts began, probably,
in fourth-century Jerusalem. See also calendar (Christian).
A school of medicine based on
the theory of "like cures like." It was developed by Samuel
Hahnemann. Minute quantities of natural substance that have been
potentiazed by a process of dilutions and succession (vigorous
shaking with impact). stimulate the body's own self-healing ability.
If taken in larger doses, they would produce side effects similar to
those of the disease being treated It claims to manipulate the
"vital force" of the human body by transferring the power of
An address given during the Christian
liturgy, often synonymous with sermon (Lat., "speech"). In Catholic
usage, the short explanation of the Gospel given by a priest or a
deacon during the celebration of the eucharistic liturgy, required
at each public Mass on Sunday and recommended at each weekday Mass.
Sexual relations between members of the same gender. Religious
traditions place both negative and positive value on homosexuality
as a boundary-crossing activity. For some, the power to invert
culturally sanctioned relations is a mark of, or a means to acquire,
supernatural power; for others, it is a forbidden activity. Until
recently, homosexuality was regarded merely as a choice of sexual
activity and not as indicating a particular type of personality.
Small, artificial humanoid produced in a vat or flask by an
In Vedic astrology, a
varga. The division of a sign into solar and lunar or division into
halves. Used for determining wealth among other things
Pagan or Wiccan father God.
Usually wears goat or deer's horns, but in ancient times, wore
A chart drawn up through the
art of astrology. See Astrology.
A common designation for the
thin, usually round, wafers of unleavened bread used for Communion
in the Roman Catholic Church. So named because the wafer is the
"host" to the spirit of Christ.
Hubbard, L.Ron: (1911-1986)
Theologian and science-fiction
writer, he authored of Dianetics and founded of the Church
Human Potential Movement (or,
Emotional Growth Movement)
This is a collection of therapeutic methods involving
both individualized and group working, using both mental and
physical techniques. The goal is to help individuals to advance
spiritually. Examples are Esalen Growth Center programs, EST,
Gestalt Therapy, Primal Scream Therapy, Transactional Analysis,
Transcendental Meditation and Yoga
The school of psychology
originated by Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers and others, that
emphasizes the uniqueness of the individual self and the integration
of the whole person: feelings, intellect, physical and spiritual.
Ancient Hawaiian religious
system of goal attainment and spiritual growth based on a knowledge
of three levels of consciousness and the use of "mana," the vital
force that heals and energizes.
Also called Hutterian
Brethren, an Anabaptist group of Moravian origin taking its name
from Jacob Huter (martyred 1536). After years of enforced migration
through central and eastern Europe, the Hutterites finally abandoned
the Ukraine to settle in the northern American prairies in the
1870s. Hutterites differ from other groups of Anabaptist origin such
as the Amish, whom they resemble in many ways, primarily in holding
goods communally. This practice, together with their use of modern
farming equipment, has given them an economic advantage often
leading to friction with their neighbors and has led in part to
their migration from the Dakotas to the prairie provinces of Canada.
Currently, there are about three hundred Hutterite colonies, or
family-based settlements, in North America.
A Greek mythological monster with many serpent heads, guardian of
the spring at Lerna in Greece, who was killed by the hero Herakles.
Song that invokes or
celebrates the divine.
A state of mind in which one's
focus of attention is narrow and a higher level of awareness of the
focal point is attained than is normal when one is awake. The power
of conscious criticism is suppressed and suggestions move directly
into the unconscious mind. Suggestions are acted upon more
powerfully than is possible in the normal waking state.
doctrine decribing the
union of the two natures (divine and human) in the person of Jesus.
According to this doctrine Jesus is fully God and fully man, thus he
has two natures: God and man. He is not half God and half man. He is
100% God and 100% man. He never lost his divinity. He continued to
exist as God when he became a man and added human nature to himself,
therefore, there is a "union in one person of a full human nature
and a full divine nature. This doctrine is called a Mystery because
no one can make any sense out of it.(See Eutychianism, Monophycitism,