A system of Christian
interpretation initiated by John Calvin. It emphasizes
predestination and salvation. The five points of Calvinism were
developed in response to the Arminian position (See Arminianism).
Calvinism teaches: 1) Total
depravity: that man is touched by sin in all parts of his
being: body, soul, mind, and emotions, 2) Unconditional
Election: that God’s favor to Man is completely by God’s free
choice and has nothing to do with Man. It is completely undeserved
by Man and is not based on anything God sees in man, 3) Limited
atonement: that Christ did not bear the sins of every
individual who ever lived, but instead only bore the sins of those
who were elected into salvation, 4) Irresistible
grace: that God's call to someone for salvation cannot be
resisted, 5) Perseverance
of the saints: that it is not possible to lose one's
Born in New York City, he is best known for his book and PBS series, The
Power of Myth, which
teaches all religions contain common mythological themes..
Cancer: (Greek -
The crab, fourth zodiac sign; ruler of the Moon; of the watery
element; key words: tenacity, nurturing energy.
Pagan holiday and Wiccan sabbat held on
or about February 1.
General term for an authoritative set of sacred writings.The
canon of Christian scripture consists of the 39 books of the Old
Testament and the 27 books of the New. The Canon is closed which
means nothing more can be added to the Bible, even if missing pieces
or genuine inspired writing of the Apostles were to be discovered.
This is a custom of Christianity. .
An important document in the history of the Christian Church.
Written prior to the 15th century, it was the official word on
witchcraft until the 19th century. It describes witches as deluded
heretics, who worship "Diana, the goddess of the Pagans."
The body of church regulations that govern the life and practice of
the Roman Catholic, Orthodox, and Anglican churches.
European designation of traditional Jewish liturgical leader (Heb. hazzan).
In medieval Judaism, the cantor rather than the rabbi led the
worship service. In many forms of contemporary Judaism, where the
rabbi directs the service, the cantor's role is limited to leading
chants and hymns.
Sea-goat, tenth zodiac sign; ruler of Saturn; of the earthy element;
Divination using the smoke of an altar or sacrificial incense
Carbon Monoxide Therapy:
A penal system first proposed by Rev. Dr. John Rodgers in the late
1990s in which a convict is subjected to carbon monoxide until he is
almost dead. At this point, all memories are wiped clean, including
the basic ones like walking and talking. Then intensive therapy is
used, taking as much as three years, to teach the convict to walk,
talk, read and write, etc. When he is competent, he is freed. At
this point he is completely a new man with no knowledge of his past
and with all past habits removed. It is much cheaper than housing a
convict for life and enables the convict begin contributing to
A Christian designation for the suburban bishops, parish priests,
and deacons of the church at Rome. In the early Middle Ages they
were formed into a college, which governed the Roman church after
the death of a pope. Today there are both residential cardinals in
Rome and nonresidential cardinals; their main task is the election
of a pope, who is ordinarily but not necessarily chosen from among
Cardinal Directions, Cardinal
North, East, South, and West.
Symbolized by the circle in magic (which connects the points), the
four elements, and the watchtowers.
In astrology they are: Aries, Cancer, Libra, Capricorn which carry
Also known as natural virtues, in Christian tradition, they are
prudence, justice, temperance, and courage. Roman Catholicism places
great emphasis on the cardinal virtues, while Protestantism stresses
the theological virtues of faith, hope, and charity.
Religious movements in Melanesia whose participants await the
arrival of an abundance of goods and a social utopia.
Members of a Catholic religious order that originated as an
organization of lay hermits near Haifa on Mt. Carmel ca. 1200.
Around 1238 conditions in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem forced the
Carmelites to emigrate to Europe. There, Innocent IV (1247) approved
changes in their life-style that included permission to settle not
only in desert sites but in the towns of Europe. At that time the
Carmelite hermits became friars. Hermitical origins and a mendicant
status created the basic Carmelite tension between solitude and
(ministerial) community. There are two branches of the order:
Carmelites of the Ancient Observance and Discalced Carmelites, with
women and men and lay affiliates in both.
A circle dance in which the participants hold hands and concentrate
of linking themselves with all humanity and raising human
Author of The
Teachings of Don Juan series.
He helped popularize Native
the hallucinogenic peyote,
The adherents of thewidespread European
Christian group which flourished in the11th and12th centuries. It
was known by various names and forms (see Bogomils ,Albigenses).
Catharism descended from the original Gnostics. They rejected the
outward forms of the Church, and believed in an extreme form of
dualism. They were persecuted by the Inquisition and were completely
wiped out by the 15th century.
(Greek, Universal) The name
given to the church founded by Roman Emperor Constantine in 312 AD.
While usually applied to the Roman Catholic Church, the name is
often used to describe all of Christianity..
Primarily referring to the Roman Catholic Church, this term can also
be used to describe any of the half-dozen or so other Catholic
Catoptromancy or Crystallomancy:
Divination using mirrors or lenses
An iron pot used in rituals
and for brewing potions. It
is a primal Goddess image used like a chalice or cup. This was the
common magickal instrument in the Celtic traditions because it was a
practical object as well, one which could be used for cooking or
washing as well as making brews and magick potions. In many of the
mythological stories from Ireland and Britain the cauldron is
symbolic of the womb of the Mother Goddess in which all life begins,
ends and regenerates.
Cayce was known as "the sleeping prophet" because he would close his
eyes and go into a trance when he did his readings At his death, he
left thousands of accounts of past life and
medical readings. A stenographer took notes during his sessions and
some 30,000 transcripts of his readings are under the protection of
for Research and Enlightenment.
Common Era, the non-Christian equivalent to A.D.
Abstaining from sexual relations, hence, remaining
unmarried, as part of a religious vocation. Most frequently celibacy
is required for priesthood or membership in religious associations.
1)The traditional cross of the Celts - a cross with a circle around
it. 2) A Tarot spread in which cards are laid out in the form of a
The Celts were a group of related tribes whose territory extended
throughout Europe early in the first millennium AD,
but who are most commonly associated with the British Isles. The
Celts worshipped local deities (frequently associated with nature),
often served by a priestly class of Druids.
Human sacrifice is said by some to have been important to Druidic
religion. Modern neo-pagans frequently
claims to be Celtic, although the modern beliefs and practices bear
little resemblance to ancient Celticism.
A container in which incense is
smoldered or burned. It symbolises the element of air. Often a
censer is used during ritual to "cense" an area, generally by moving
the censer around the area and especially around the circle as a
means of purification.
Center of Silence:
A neutral space in absolute silence from which clarity of seeing can
be manifested on all planes
Grounding one's energy through
meditation or massage, often before rituals to help harness and
direct the balanced energy.
Divination using a head, usually a donkey's
The mythological three-headed dog who guards the entrance to the
Greek underworld, preventing the dead from leaving or the living
from entering. See also: Hell
Also called High Magick, when distinguished from Ritual Magick It is
a precise method of working magick to achieve a certain end. It is
not a religious, but rather a magickal practice.
The study of the phenomena of Crop Circles.
1.) Eleusinian Goddess of Grain. 2.) a planetoid between Mars and
Celtic Goddess, symbol of the aspiring soul.
A the time honored meeting place for the Sussex Witches of England.
In Taoism, rites of fasting,
repentance, or purification. The term refers to rites on behalf of
the living and the dead, including exorcism, protection from
illness, securing houses, and recitations for salvation. Unlike
related folk rites involving animal sacrifice and alcohol, the
Taoist rite stresses the offering of petitions and confessing of
- wheel, circle)
One of several major energy centers in
the astral body, so called because the shape of the revolving form
is like a wheel divided with spokes. Often called "lotuses" - the
seventh one with a thousand petals. They conform to the the
ductless glands in the physical body. Yoga
and Meditation are practised through these invisible energy centers
and the Kundalini, the coiled feminine serpentine energy, rises to
the Crown Chakra and man attains God Consciousness.
1. The Root Chakra - The lower end of the Crown
2. The Sex Chakra - containing the Earth
Principle - Muladhara
2. The Navel Chakra - Containing the Water
Principle _ Manipura
3. The Solar Plexus Chakra - Containing the
Fire Principle - Swadhishtana
4. The Heart Chakra - Containing the Air
Principle - Anahata
5. The Throat Chakra - Containing the Ether
Principle - Vishuddha
6. The Eyebrow Chakra - Containing the Mind
Principle - Ajna
7. The Crown Chakra - The Thousand Petalled
Lotus - Sahasrara )
Healing techniques which are intended
to clear the blockages restricting the flow of energy in the chakras
or psychic energy centers in the etheric body located in various
points that range from the base of the spine to the crown
of the head.
A footed cup used in ritual. A
feminine symbol of the element water. As a ritual tool it
represents water and the west and it is also a representation of the
feminine principle of creation, i.e. the womb.
Hindu Moon God.
The Natal Moon sign. Used in India much
like we use the Sun sign system in the West
A 'sensitive' who allows spiritual
entities to use his/her body and mind as a link between this plane
and other planes of consciousness for the purpose of receiving
psychic information or healing energy. Formerly called mediums.
A channel or medium who does not interfere with the transmissions.
One who is able to receive spirit communications but is not attuned
to their source.
A clear channel.
A New Age form of mediumship. The
channeler yields control of his/her perceptual and cognitive
capacities to another entity. Unlike mediumship, living beings can
be channeled, as can animals and alien beings..
Chant and Chanting:
A form of
ritual speech, a rhythmic repetition
of sound, such as a mantra, in which vibration energy is received
The Jewish Festival of
Lights. Held in December.
1) In Greek
mythology, the total absence of time and space from which came all
things - material and spiritual. Chaos is the first of the
Protogenoi and the god of the air. Later on Chaos was described as
an original state of existence from which the first gods appeared.
In other words, the dark void of space. It is the source of what the
Ancient Greeks considered the four elements: earth, air, water and
fire. For example, when a log is burned, the flames were attributed
to the fire in it, the smoke the air in it, the water and grease
that come from it were supposed to be the water, and the ashes left
over were the earth. (See Alchemy) In ancient Greek, it means
"gaping void", In the
Pelasgian creation myth, Eurynome rose out of Chaos and created all
things. The idea
is also found in Mesopotamia and is associated with Tiamat, the
'Dragon' of Chaos, from whose dismembered body the world was formed.
Genesis refers to the earliest conditions of the Earth as "without
form, and void", a state similar to chaos. 2)
The primordial state of disorder out of which the supreme being
created the universe. 3) New Age teaches that Chaos is that which
cannot be comprehended. Chaos is equated with Nothing. It is Chaos
(that which cannot be understood) that produced Logos (that which
can be understood)
Scientific theory that focuses on sudden and fundamental change.
ministerial worker assigned to a specific place (e.g., a hospital),
or group (e.g., the military), or person (e.g., a monarch) to
perform rites or provide counsel.
crown for the head usually made of flowers and worn at Bealtain.
Chaplets can also be made of vines and other natural material
Charge or Charging:
1). the act of empowering an herb, stone or other magickal object
with one’s own energies directed toward a magical goal. Charging is
synonymous with enchanting or empowerment. 2. one of the basic
processes of change in the universe
extraordinary power of leadership, often regarded as supernaturally
bestowed, capable of arousing special loyalty or enthusiasm in
followers. In the New Testament (especially 1 Corinthians 12-14)
Paul presents a charism as a divine bestowal of power not capable of
being induced by human effort. It manifests itself in spiritual
gifts (charismata) such as prophecy, healing, and speaking in
tongues (glossolalia). This use of the term is appropriated
by the modern Christian charismatic movement, whose members claim to
reproduce these powers. The German sociologist Max Weber
(1864-1920) expands this concept into a theory of leadership, both
religious and secular, distinguishing charismatic authority from
traditional and rational/legal authority. The former is found in the
inherited office of kings, the latter in the legally defined and
purposive bestowals of power characteristic of constitutional
democracies. The rational/legal and traditional types rely for their
authority on extrinsic factors such as the inheritance of position
or rationally justified powers of office; charismatic authority
rests on the unique attributes of the leader. This individualistic
quality results in the leadership of charismatic leaders being a
stimulus to dramatic cultural change
According to Christian
doctrine, the special spiritual gifts given to members of the
Christian church. They are for edifying and building up the church.
They are: word of wisdom, word of knowledge, faith, healing,
miracles, prophecy, distinguishing of spirits, tongues,
interpretation of tongues. Christians use the term to avoid using
the term psychic.
An amulet or talisman that has been charmed by saying an
incantation over it and instilling it with energy for a specific
Sexual abstinence in order to obtain
religious purity. In ascetic traditions, chastity may be a lifelong
condition. Temporary sexual abstinence is common among warriors,
hunters, and individuals undertaking vows.
Divination based on the examination of
the hand, a form of palmistry.
A student (of a guru) An apprentice to an Adept.
One who earnestly desires to work for the betterment of humankind.
The Adept imparts
teaching and wisdom otherwise unattainable, and helps the Chela by
communion and inspiration.
1) In the Bible, a supernatural winged
beast that guards the divine throne or the Ark of the Covenant. 2)
In later Jewish and Christian tradition, a rank of angels. 3) In
Christian iconography, small winged children with innocent
"ether," "matter-energy," "vital energy," "material force")
An important and multifaceted term in Chinese religion, philosophy,
and science, the root meaning of which is "moist vapor" or "breath."
Early Chinese teachers spoke of ch'i as
a vital spirit or energy that animated living beings. As such, it
had to be properly nourished. For Confucians, that required moral
cultivation so that one's ch'i, undistracted by external things,
would conform to the dictates of will. For Taoists, it required
mastery of the self through meditation, breath control, diet, yoga,
and other techniques so as to harmonize one's ch'i with the material
force of the universe ordered by the Tao (undifferentiated unity).
Traditional Chinese medicine attributed illnesses primarily to
imbalances in the ch'i that pulsed through the body. Acupuncture,
moxibustion (placing burning cones made of the dried leaves of the
Artemisia moxa plant on the patient's skin), and other techniques
helped to restore its balanced circulation. Ch'i was also an
important concept in the correlative philosophy that blossomed in
the early Han dynasty (206 BC-AD 8) systematizing the
correspondences between like things that explained their mutual
interactions. In the Neo-Confucian metaphysics of the Northern
and Southern Sung dynasties (960-1279), all phenomena were said to
be manifest through the intrinsic relation of principle (li)
and material force (ch'i). Li constituted the essential, unchanging,
perfect nature of all things, while ch'i represented their
corporeal, transitory, and potentially flawed aspect. Individuals
were instructed to perfect their humanity, to purify and harmonize
their ch'i with their true Heaven-endowed nature through the
external investigation of things and mental introspection. Also Ki.
Also known as millenniumism.
The Christian belief that there is a future 1000 year reign of
Christ where perfect peace will reign.
Chinese Tuina Therapy:
A massage therapy using fingers and fists on meridian
lines, manipulating muscles to release tension and loosen congested
areas allowing natural healing to occur.
Hindu teacher and philosopher.
The gem that gives you anything you can
Healer using therapy that attributes
disease to neural malfunction with treatment primarily based on
manipulation of the spinal column. Originally, a healer who used his
hands to manipulate the body.
Tibetan teacher noted for his propagation of Tibetan Buddhism in
North America. Trungpa was recognized as the eleventh Trungpa tulku ("incarnate
lama"), an important line of Kagyu tulkus who presided over the
Surmang monasteries in eastern Tibet. He was found and enthroned
when he was eighteen months old, was subsequently ordained, and
received the rigorous training reserved for high tulkus. He fled
Chinese-occupied Tibet in 1959, first working in India under
appointment by the Dalai Lama, then traveling to England in 1963,
where he relinquished his monastic vows, married, and taught Tibetan
Buddhism and its contemplative practices to Westerners. Arriving in
the United States in 1970, Trungpa spent the next seventeen years
teaching, writing, founding contemplative centers, and inaugurating
various organizations, including the Vajradhatu association of
(Tibetan) Buddhist churches (Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada), the
Naropa Institute, an upper division accredited college (Boulder,
Colorado), the Nalanda Translation Committee (Halifax and Boulder),
and Shambhala Training, a nonsectarian program in meditation.
Trungpa was known for his innovative, sometimes unconventional
approach to transmitting Buddhism to the West and for his insistance
that meditation is the cornerstone of Buddhism.
Christ 1) (Greek)
Chreestos -pure, perfect, ideal,
The only begotten Son of God, the
creator or essence of all that can be known.
Christ 2) (Greek)
Christos - anointed
One of a number of pretenders to the
Jewish throne in the first century.
The spiritual and mystical experience
of the unity of all the universe. To attain cosmic consciousness is
to see the universe as God and God as the universe, and everything
as part of this whole.
A blessed oil
used in the Christian rites of baptism, confirmation, anointing of
the sick, ordination, and the consecration of monarchs.
Chrysostom, John: (347-407)
Christian preacher and homiletician associated first with Antioch
(Syria), later becoming patriarch of Constantinople (398-403), a
position from which he was expelled as a heretic. In addition to his
expositions of biblical texts, he is best known for his early
treatise On the
1) (Christos)Someone who is a
follower of Jesus. The followers of Jesus were first called
"Christian" in Acts 11:26 - about 42AD. 2) (Chreestos) Someone who
believes in the existence of Christ as the only begotten son of God,
which term may have been used as early as 300 BC.
Christian Identity Movement:
The belief that the true identity of the ten lost tribes of Israel
is the white, Anglo-Saxon race. The belief is similar to but
distinct from the doctrine of British
Israelism. A number of independent churches and organizations
(including some militant racist groups) make up the general
movement. Some teach a form of the Serpent
believing that Jews are descendants of Eve’s alleged sexual
relations with the serpent and are thus not fully human. Many also
hold that non-Whites are descended from the union of Cain and a
woman from a supposed pre-Adamite race.
Officially called Church of Christ, Scientist, it was founded by
Mary Baker Eddy in Boston, Mass.Her teachings are heavily indebted
P. Quimby, amesmerist. Science
and Health with Key to the Scriptures functions
as a canon of Scripture. Matter is unreal; thus, so are sickness
and death, which are overcome by believing that we are Mind. Christ is
“the divine manifestation of God” most fully seen in Jesus, who only
seemed to die. The “Holy Ghost” is Divine Science, that is,
Christian Science. Many New Age ideas have historical roots in
Christian Science and related New Thought groups.
Major world religion whose development was begun by Plato 300 BC in
the School of Philosphers in Athens. It was more fully developed in
the fourth century AD when the Emperor Constantine established a
universal (Catholic) church. At this time, the belief that Jesus the
Nazarite was the promised Messiah or Christ of
Israel was accepted, along with a set of books, known as the New
Testament. (See Christianity)
The study of the Biblical
Jesus in light of the claim that he was the only incarnation of the
The Christ or the Logos. The awakening
concsiousness at the heart of all things. Called Adamah in the
Hebrew text of Genesis. Both Jesus, Krishna and Orpheus are men
said to be overshadowed and enlightened by the fullness of the
Christos (or God force), when the Kundalini may be released.
In Greek mythology, and in in pre-Socratic philosophical works
Chronos is the personification of time. His name means "year" in
Greek and is alternatively spelled Khronos (transliteration
of the Greek) or Chronus (Latin
version). Chronos was imagined as an incorporeal god. Serpentine in
form, with three heads—that of a man, a bull, and a lion. He and his
consort, serpentine Ananke (Inevitability), circled the primal
world-egg in their coils and split it apart to form the ordered
universe of earth, sea and sky. (Hades, Poseidon and
Zeus. Or else he is portrayed as the son of the cosmic heavens and
earth, Ouranos and Gaia. He was depicted in Greco-Roman mosaics as a
man turning the Zodiac Wheel. Often the figure is named Aeon
(Eternal Time), a common alternate name for the god. Chronos is
usually portrayed through an old, wise man with a long, gray beard,
such as "Father Time".
"under the earth")
Technical term describing gods and spirits of the underworld. Also
the describes the :old gods" of The
Legendary founder of Taoism.
the Greek kyriokon -house of the lord) .
1) A building set aside for
worship, especially by Christians. 2) An religious organization for
believers, especially Christian. By Christians, the word is used in
two senses: the visible and the invisible church. The visible church
consists of all the people that claim to be Christians and go to
church. The invisible church is the actual body of Christians; those
who are truly saved. The Catholic churches claim to have been
established by God, while the Protestants claim that the true church
is not an organization on earth consisting of people and buildings,
but is really a supernatural entity comprised of those who are saved
Church of All Worlds:
An eclectic Neo-Pagan organization begun in 1967 by Tim Zell (also
known as Otter G'Zell) and inspired by the science-fictional church
in Robert Heinlein'sStranger in a Strange Land. Celebrating
nature and worshiping the Earth Mother and her consort, the Horned
God, members seek advancement of personal spiritual awareness
through ritual practice, individualistic philosophy, and intense
study. Their are centers or "nests" throughout the U.S.
Headquartered today in Berkely, Cal, the idea for.it all began on
April 7, 1962. Publish a popular New Age/Pagan magazine, Green
Church of Christ, Scientist:
Official name for Christian
Church of Christ, Temple Lot:
Independence, MO: Splinter group that broke away from the Reorganized
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. They claim to own
the deed to the land on which a great temple is to be built
according to Mormon Prophet Joseph Smith..
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, The:(Mormon)
Founded in 1830 by Joseph Smith. Headquartered in Salt Lake City,
UT: Joseph Smith claimed that the Father and Son appeared to him
and called him to restore the true Church. The Church rejects the
orthodox doctrine of the Trinity.
It also redefines salvation
by grace to refer
simply to resurrection. Almost all humans will be resurrected into
one of three kingdoms of glory, the least of which is far superior
to anything known in this life. Entry into the higher kingdoms, and
one’s rank there, depends not only upon the atonement of Christ, but
also upon one’s good works. Achievement of the highest potential
within the highest kingdom—Godhood—requires complete “obedience to
all the laws and ordinances of the gospel.” The Bible,
Book of Mormon, Pearl of Great Price, and Doctrine
and Covenants are all
Church of Satan
Founded in 1966 in San Francisco, CA by Anton Szandor LaVey, author
of the Satanic Bible,
founded the church in 1966 and died in 1997 after which his
daughter, Church of Satan High Priestess Karla LaVey, claimed
leadership. The church has claimed as many 10,000 members. LaVey, a
former lion tamer, organist, hypnotist, psychic, artist, and
photographer, did not believe in a literal, personal devil, but
turned to Satanic imagery to provoke a reaction and illustrate his
disdain for organized religion, especially Christianity..
Church of Scientology:
Founded by science-fiction writer L. Ron Hubbard after his
organization, Dianetics, found itself faced tax problems. Through
"auditing", a process whereby past programming, and other barriers
to higher development are removed, abilities are regained, and
greater awareness achieved. Auditing can last for years and may cost
hundreds of thousands of dollars. The writings and recorded spoken
words of L.Ron Hubbard (contained in over 500,000 pages of writings
and over 2,000 tape-recorded public lectures) constitute the
scripture of the religion, his book Dianetics,
the Modern Science of Mental Health being
Church of the Firstborn of the Fulness of Times, The:
Founded in 1956 by Joel LeBaron in Chihuahua, Mexico: A polygamous, Mormon
group. LeBaron was assassinated in 1972, allegedly by his brother
Ervil, who formed a rival splinter group, The
Church of the Lamb of God. The assassination was allegedly
carried out on the grounds of the Blood
Church of the Lamb of God, The:
Founded in 1974 by Ervil LeBaron in Salt Lake City, UT: A
group. Ervil LeBaron was removed from The
Church of the Firstborn of the Fulness of Times following
accusations that he was responsible for his brother’s assassination.
The church has also been suspected in the deaths of other rival Mormon
Fundamentalists, including Rulon Allred, founder of another
Mormon Fundamentalist church.. LaBaron died in a Utah State Prison
Church of the Movement of Spiritual Inner Awareness (MSIA):
Founded by John-Roger (Hinkins) in Santa Monica, CA:
Church Universal and Triumphant:
Founded in 1958 by Mark Prophet. Currently headquartered in Corwin
Springs, MT: An off-shoot of the I
AM movement. Led by
Prophet's wife Elizabeth Clare Prophet after his death. She retired
A protected area in which ritual work
takes place or
the boundary of a sphere of personal power cast by Wiccans, ceremonial
magicians and others before performing their rituals. These rituals
are usually performed within these magical circles. Also, circles
are often formed by attendees at a seance.
Circle of Being:
In Druidic philosophy, both the macrocosm and microcosm are divided
into three circles of being. The inner circle is abred, the middle
is gweynfd and the outer most on is ceugant. The innermost circle is
often represented by the magick circle where in all magick and
ritual is performed.
Circle of Protection
of walking around a sacred place or person prior to any ritual
performed facing it. It is understood variously as a purification of
the individual, as protection of the sacred place or person, or as a
gesture of respect. Related to walking the Labyrinth.
Usually amputation of the male prepuce.It is one of the oldest as
well as one of the most wide-spread customs. It is or was practiced
(although with many variations as to the method of circumcision, age
at the time of circumcision, who may perform the rite, etc.), among
the Jews, Moslems, Egyptians, Polynesians, the Indian tribes of the
New World and many of the tribes of Africa and Australia. In fact it
is estimated that one-eighth of the male population of the world is
circumcised. Many theories are advanced to explain the origin and
purpose of this customs such as a) for hygienic reasons, b) as a
mark of tribal affiliation, c) as a preparation for sexual life, d)
as an initiatory test of courage before acceptance into the tribe,
e) as a means of sanctifying the generative faculties, f) as a
sacrifice redeeming the male from the god who gave him life..For the
Jews circumcision is one of the most important of the 613
commandments. It was interpreted as a sign of the covenant between
God and Israel and, therefore, indispensable as a mark of
affiliation with the latter. In the Talmud*, many prescriptions are
laid down regulating the act of circumcision. It may be performed
even on the Sabbath, if that is the eighth day after birth. It
consists of a) milak, the
amputation of the prepuce, b) periah, the
baring of the glans, and c) metziteak, staunching
the flow of blood. Appropriate benedictions are recited before and
after the circumcision and tbe child is given a name at this time.
The circumcision ceremony is usually followed by a festive meal, at
which a special prayer is recited in which reference is made to this
1) A medical procediure in which the clitoral foreskin is incised or
excised to free the clitoris to permit fuller sexual stimulation.
2) In many parts of the world, especially Islamic Africa,
circumcision is also performed on girls. In many instances it
involves the excision of the clitoris and the labia. (see Circumcision,
A Christian monastic order, also known as the White Monks because of
their plain, unbleached habits. Repelled by the lavishness of much
of contemporary monasticism and desiring to live in stricter
conformity to the Rule of St. Benedict, Robert of Molesme and his
followers founded in 1098 the monastery of Citeaux (Lat. Cistercium),
just south of Dijon, France. By the mid-twelfth century the order
numbered over 350 houses, many located in remote parts of Europe.
The rapid growth and popularity of the order was stimulated by the
charismatic figure of Bernard of Clairvaux (ca. 1090-1153). The
Cistercians aimed at cohesiveness and uniformity and to this end
created a strong centralized system of government. The Cistercians
have suffered serious decline since the Middle Ages in both numbers
and prestige, although there was a brief resurgence with the
founding of the Trappists, a Cistercian offshoot in 1664.
Psychic impressions received as sound,
beyond the ordinary limits of time and space.
The paranormal ability to “see” psychic information,
including historical or future events or other phenomena, that
cannot be discerned naturally through the five material senses.Also
called ESP or "Double Sight".
One who receives extrasensory
impressions in the form of "inner sight" or mental images which are
seen without the aid of the physical eyes and beyond the limitations
of ordinary time and space. Literally means "clear seeing."
1.) To remove blocks or complexes in the unconscious or subconscious
mind. 2.) To purify a crystal or other object used in healing or
meditation. 3.) In Scientology, a practitioner who functions at a
Divination by interpreting the movements of a key suspended by a
thread from the nail of the third finger on a young virgin's hand
while one of the Psalms is recited
Clement of Alexandria: (ca.
Born in Athens, he became the pupil of Pantaenus of Alexandria,
Egypt, in 180 and head of the Catechetical school in 190. Though
traditionally thought to be a Literalist Christian, and declared a
saint by Rome, He actually is more Gnostic than Literalist. He
attempted to reconcile Gnostic thought with some forms of Literalism
in his enormous work Stromateis (The
An optimum condition of diversity and stability whether in a forest,
culture or ecosystem where half of the energy flows in the system
does not come from annual growth but from recycling of dead growth.
The ritual removal of the clitoris, less frequently of the labia,
from the vagina. In some North African Islamic traditions it forms a
central part of women's rites of passage and is considered a
prerequisite to marriage See also: circumcision, infibulation,
Cockatrice: a fabled animal or monster resembling a wyvern (q.v.),
with a cock's head, comb, and wattles, and a barbed tongue and
wings. The Cockatrice is so similiar to the Basilisk in legend that
is is difficult to make distinctions between to two. The creature
is born from the egg of a cock (a male chicken) and then incubated
by a serpent or a toad. The resulted offspring is either a basilisk
or a Cockatrice. The Cockatrice inherits much more of the cock's
features than the lizard-like basilisk.
A mental, emotional, or psychological state which results from
attempting to hold two totally incompatible beliefs or opposing
attitudes at the same time.
1). A term used to describe the sentient connection of all living
things, past and present. It is often used synonymously with the
terms “deep mind” and “higher self”. This is believed to be the all
knowing energy source that contains the entire sum of human
knowledge and experience which is tapped through divination. 2.) The
universal storehouse of knowledge with everyone
Colonic Irrigation Therapy (also
The introduction of a series of inflows
and outflows of purified water into the colon for cleansing and
A natural healing technique using the
scientific application of the correct color vibrations to the body,
often as white light projected through films of various colors.
The Lord's Supper The central
rite of Christian worship, called variously the Eucharist, Holy
Communion, Divine Mysteries (Eastern Orthodox), andthe Mass (Roman
Catholic) This ritual is said to have developed out of the Last
Supper of Jesus and his Apostles just before the crucifixion. Some
Christians believe that the wine and bread actually transmutate into
the actual flesh and blood of Jesus (see transubstantiation),
others do it in memory of Jesus' passion. The practice is believed
by Christians to have evolved from the Jewish Passover. Many
scholars claim that communion, also with the word Mass, is derived
from the practice of the Zoroastrians. New Agers celebrate a
similar ritual which is called Communion with All Life.
in spells, this is some type of verbal prologue, physical gesture
or material element used to help focus magickal energies.
A tunnel effect experienced leaving the body during an astral
Cone of Power:
1). psychic energy raised and focused by an individual or group to
achieve a purpose 2). the ritual raising of a cone of energy within
the circle by an individual or by a coven. When the energy reaches
it’s peak, it is released to do it’s work. Dancing deosil while
chanting or singing is the most common method for raising the cone. Psychic
energy raised by either an individual or a grouip and released to
perform a certain goal.
1) A personal and/or communal statement of beliefs, as in the
primitive Christian confession that "Jesus is Lord." Later, the
concept was elaborated into longer, more cognitively detailed
statements of belief on the theological level. 2) A verbal avowal
of personal misdeeds. In the Christian era, a ritualized group
avowal of sin as part of Sunday worship. In the Roman Catholic
Church confession is only one part of the entire sacrament of
penance (also known as the rite of reconciliation) that leads up to
the act of absolution (forgiveness). In Judaism the parallel
phenomenon developed communally in the annual congregational
confession of sins on the Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur). In Eastern
and Western Christianity there also developed the individual
confession. 3) Among New Age churches, the semi-formal rite of
relating one's sins or trespasses to absolve oneself of guilt.
Initiation ritual for a Christian, usually consisting of an
anointing with oil and/or a laying on of hands. In early
Christianity part of a single ceremony that included baptism with
water followed by an imposition of hands in which the newly baptized
received the gift of the Spirit, it is observed as a separate rite
in many Christian traditions. The ritual signals the initiation
of the baptized into full and responsible church membership and into
a personal mature acceptance of the faith. By the Middle Ages, both
Catholics and Orthodox recognized it as one of seven sacraments,
complementing and completing the Christian initiation begun with
baptism. Most Protestant denominations do not consider the ritual
a sacrament, but view it as a rite of initiation into full Christian
K'ung Fu-tzu, "Master K'ung"; 551-479 BC)
The most famous philosopher of ancient China. According to
tradition, he was born in Lu, China. Author of the Ch'un
Ch'iu (Spring and
Autumn Annals) and possible compiler of some early poetry, Confucius
denied contemporary claims of his sageliness. The most reliable
historical source regarding Confucius is the Lun
Transmitter of the rites and culture of earlier sage-kings,
Confucius aimed to counteract the militarism of his day through
training prospective leaders in humane government and gentlemanly
arts. Ironically, no ruler fully accepted his teachings or employed
him in high office. Religious issues were generally secondary to his
ethical and political lessons but were expressed through his ritual
piety. Sacrifices were properly performed to ancestral spirits at
appropriate times during meals and after receiving certain gifts.
Confucius frequented the ancestral temple, presided in exorcism
rites, and visited the Grand Temple of the great Duke of Chou. This
sagely predecessor had stabilized the kingdom through unselfish
service and religious mediation, securing the Mandate of Heaven
(T'ien-ming). Confucius's concern to understand the Mandate of
Heaven in his day was fulfilled when he was fifty. He anguished over
the early death of his best disciple, Yen Yuan, yet pursued a
mission he believed was willed by Heaven. Later Chinese
generations claimed Confucius to be the perfect sage, honoring him
in temples erected throughout China. The Chung
Yung (Doctrine of the
Mean) calls Confucius the "partner of Heaven and Earth."
A world religion based on the teachings of Confucius): His
writtings form the basis of Confucianism. Doctrines include
ancestor worship, devotion to family elders, and right conduct based
on the inherent goodness of man.
Two or more planets in close zodiacal degree by longitude, usually
within seven degrees: generally or favorable major aspect.
To summon entities from the spirit
realm into the physical plane.
Inspiring radical spiritual awareness in self or others.
The blessing, cleansing, or charging
of an object which is to be used for magick or spiritual purposes.
The first Roman emperor to be recognized as the head of all
religions, including Christianity. In 312, he established the
Catholic Church as the container of all religions in the empire. His
Edict of Milan (313) brought an end to the persecution of Christians
in the Roman Empire. He summoned the First Council of Nicaea in 325
to establish a unified doctrine for the empire.
doctrine of the Lord's Supper. It means an inclusion of one
substance in another where the body and blood of Christ co-exist in
the elements of the Supper. The body and blood of Christ are "in,
with, and under" the elements. There is no permanent relationship
with the elements. Instead, the association is limited to the
sacramental action. The transformation is effected by the Word of
God and not by a priest
Connection with someone else on this or another plane of existence.
elevated feeling from someone else’s vibrations.
The Spirit that hat
seems to take physical control of a medium. The psychic mediums
through whom they communicate.
Turning from one religion (or
no religion) to a particular religion.
A Christian term where a
person is able to see himself guilty, defiled, and totally unable to
forgive himself and results in confession and acceptance of Jesus
Also known as Go Preachers, No Name Church, Two by Twos.They seem
not to have a formal heirarchy and only meet in homes. They send out
missionaries two-by-two and are active primarily in the rural
A figure, often
human shaped, made
by plaiting wheat, flowers or corn stalks, similar to a poppet. It
is symbolic of the fertility, grain, and harvest aspects of the
Materials used in magick which relate
to their specific goal. These can be herbs, stones, moon phases,
colors, numbers, etc. An example would be mugwort used in a dream
spell, as mugwort is a popular herb corresponding to dreams. There
are also correspondences in ideas and rituals.
Divination using a balanced sieve
The primal Christ as a universal spirit
or a cosmic force as opposed to some being upon whom the title
"christ" has been affixed. The first and only begotten of God.
Four planets in opposition, each squared by another one making a
See (Christ Consciousness)
Course in Miracles, A
A book composed of material channeled
through Helen Schucman and transcribed by William Thetford which
aims at removing the blocks to the awareness of the presence of
love. Consists of the Text, the Workbook for Students and the Manual
1) A group of witches led by a High
Priest and/or a High Priestess who meet to worship and practice
magick. A coven
may contain any number of witches, both male and female but the
traditional number of members is thirteen, which reflects the
thirteen moons in the solar year or three persons for each season
plus a priest/ess. 2). group of thirteen or fewer Witches that work
together in an organized fashion for magickal endeavors or religious
A system of Christian theology
that views God's dealings with man as covenants rather than
dispensations (periods of time). It says that all Christian
scripture is covenantal in structure and theme. Some believe there
is one Covenant and others believe two and still others believe in
more. The two main covenants are covenant of works in the O.T. made
between God and Adam, and the Covenant of Grace between the Father
and the Son where the Father promised to give the Son the elect and
the Son must die to redeem them. Some consider these to be one and
the same. It is taught that the covenants were made since before
the world was made
A Witch's meeting place
Used in Wicca and Witchcraft to mean a non-Wiccan/Witch in much the
same way Gentile is used by Jew to designate a non-Jew. Adapted from
a Masonic term that means someone who doesn't mortar between their
Trickster energies. Named from bb bbb the American Indian
Trickster Coyote who tricks man into learning what he needs to
learn. Applies to one who constantly jokes and clowns. Also applies
to the concept of "Holy Fool" in many traditions.
The Wiccan, Witchcraft or other folk or natural magick system
The God who fashioned the world; the divine smith who governs
metallurgy and the sacred sciences. Sumerian - Enki and Ea)
(Egyptian - Ptah and Khnun) (Greek - Demiurge and Hephasius) (Roman
- Vulcan) (English - Wayland the Smith )
Bird that symbolized longevity and wisdom in Taoism.
An offshoot of traditional osteopathic
medicine. This work is a diagnostic and healing tool which deals
with a very subtle rhythm in the body. The therapist seeks out, by
palpation, the normal, physiological way the rhythm moves manifested
through the bones in the head and the rest of the body.
Traditionally used for head and tailbone disfunction, it works well
for chronic headaches, whiplash injury, facial or cranial trauma and
other sensory, motor and/or intellectual disfunction.
The legend of the origins of the world, often falling in one of
four types. 1). creation from nothing in which God fashions Heaven
and Earth from sound, word/thought. 2). creation from a cosmic egg
in which the universe arises from complementary opposite principles.
3). an Earth diver story in which an emissary from the heavenly
realm plunges into the chaos below and brings up clay or mud to
fashion the Earth. 4). an emergence myth in which the first people
emerge into the world of light from the underworld below.
The use of mental energy to create
positive thoughts to manifest life changes; a process by which a
facilitator suggests the types of pictures to imagine in the mind as
a technique to create thought forms for a desired end result which
will later manifest in the physical world.
A female creator, the mother Goddess
A structure of three or more upright stones with a flat, unhewn
table stone resting on them.
Divination using onions
1) That aspect of the Goddess that is represented by the old women.
She is symbolized by the waning moon, the carrion crow, the
cauldron, and the color black. Her Sabats are Mabon and Samhain. 2.) A
term of respect used for a witch who has passed menopause or who is
over 50-56 years old.
Large circular depressions or patterns that appear in
the middle of grain fields when the crop is quite high. Most crop
circles have been found in the southeast of England since the early
1980s, but others have been reported in the United States and Europe
and even Japan. Some have been exposed as hoaxes, but others remain
unexplained. Crop circles range in diameter from as small as 10 feet
to over 315 feet. They appear overnight (sometimes in less than two
hours), and no tracks leading up to them are found, suggesting some
external force from above is responsible. Some theories blame
natural causes, such as freak weather conditions, or excess
irrigation, others claim that the depressions are made by UFOs,
are communications from other intelligent life forces, or even
Mother Earth herself. As yet no conclusive evidence has been found
for any of these theories.
Cross Quarter Days:
The Sabbats not falling on the solstice and equinoxes.
Crossing the River Styx:
Dying, traveling to the world of the dead. See Hades
An English magician and Occultist.
Crowley was known for sex magic, homosexual rituals, and a
fascination with drugs, blood and torture. Headed the British branch
Templi Orientis (OTO), founded the Abbey
of Thelema at Cefalu
in Sicily. Author of Diary
of a Drug Fiend and Magick
in Theory and Practice
Crossing the River Styx:
Dying, traveling to the world of the dead. See Hades
A talisman portraying ithe execution of Jesus. Dead and naked,
except for a loincloth, with a crown of thorns, he is nailed to a
cross. Regarded as sacred by Roman Catholics and other Christians.
A mineral organized in an orderly matrix. Quartz, believed by some
to be capable of receiving, storing, transmitting or amplifying
vibrational energy and often used as a tool for healing, prophecy or
A ball made of quartz crystal or glass
which is used for skrying.
the use of a crystal ball, for divination.
Crystal Healing: The therapeutic
application of crystals and gemstones for healing the mental,
physical, emotional, and spiritual bodies.
Divination or fortune
telling by gazing into a crystal rock or crystal ball.
Crystals & Chakras
1) a system of religious worship. 2) Obsessive and faddish devotion
to a principle or person. Cults seek converts, exercise control over
their followers etc. Most cults are based on Christianity or an
"Eastern Religion". According to Rev. Dr. John Rodger, a cult is
"a religious organization not yet large enough to defend itself from
Strings of cuplike impressions in rocks of unknown origin found
Oriental healing technique of placing glass cups on specific
meridians and points to cleanse, or reduce tension.
Tarot suit associated with water, the astral world or emotions.
The interface between two houses or signs of a horoscope