D Definition and/or Meaning
Dæmon (See Demon) 
Dadhichi A Hindu sage who gave his bones to the gods to make a thunderbolt
Dainyayoga In Vedic astrology: A combination of planets which give rise to poverty. Usually it is caused by the malefic conjunctions of house rulers with the rulers of the 6th, 8th or 12th houses
Daitya A Hindu demon, son of Diti
Daiva:(Old Persian, "evil god," "demon")
Persian divinities opposed to the high god. A collective term for archaic Indo-European divinities, it was demonized by the Zoroastrian tradition.
Dakini: (Sanskrit)
A female spiritual being in Buddhist Tantrism. Two major types are mentioned, worldly dakini, representing non-Buddhist values, and supermundane dakini, who protect and convey the wisdom of enlightenment. Levels of supermundane dakinis include feminine embodiments of Buddhahood itself; their retinue of active manifestations; and their messengers, who may appear to people at any time. Dakinis are both purely spiritual beings revealed in visions and human women. They are frequently depicted as dancing in Tibetan iconography
Daksha :(Sanskrit)
 A lord of created beings
Dalai Lama:Tibetan dalai, "ocean," ; lama, "no one is superior to"
 Spiritual leader of Tibetan Buddhism, considered an emanation of Avalokiteshvara, an enlightened being who embodies the compassion of past, present, and future Buddhas. Each Dalai Lama, regarded as a reincarnation of the previous one, is identified through a combination of oracles, dreams, and visions.   The present and fourteenth Dalai Lama, born in eastern Tibet in 1935, has lived in exile in India since 1959, nine years after the Chinese takeover of Tibet. He received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1989 for peaceful efforts to preserve Tibetan culture in his homeland and among refugee communities. He has worked to democratize the Tibetan government in exile, and is considering new methods for choosing the next Dalai Lama.
Dama: (Sanskrit)
 Self-control.  Control of the senses
Darshan: (Sanskrit- "seeing"
Achieving enlightenment from the presence of one;s guru.  When the two become one.
Dashaa: (Sanskrit)
In Vedic Astrology, a planetary period or system of directions.  Also means the actual major planetary period itself. There are many of these the most used being vi.nshottarii or 120 year cycle system.  Others are ashhTottari (108), Chatursheetisama (84), Dwadashottari (112), Dwisaptatisama (72), Panchottari (105), ShashhTisama (60), Shatatri.nshatsama (36), Shodashottari (116), Yogini (30). These are lunar based. Then there are Rashi (sign) based systems: chara, sthira, kaala chakra and kendraadi dashas etc
Dashavatara: (Sanskirt)
The ten avataras of Vishnu
David, Moses (King David):
 Pseudonym for David Berg, the late founder of The Family (Children of God).
Dawn Bible Students:
One of the original splinter groups formed after Joseph Rutherford assumed leadership of the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society.
Dead Sea Scrolls: 
A collection of manuscripts containing 520 identifiable Jewish texts from the third century BC through the first century AD discovered in 1947at Qumran in (then) Transjordan. Of these, 157 are biblical texts constituting the oldest recovered manuscripts, with crucial import for textual criticism and transmission. The remainder are a variety of forms of literature, including Hebrew and Aramaic manuscripts of apocryphal writings formerly known largely in Greek and a large collection of previously unknown texts. The identification of the site and the connection with the Essenes is controversial.
The word "death" has two meanings to Christians.  First, it is used to describe the cessation of life. Second, death refers to an eternal separation from God as a result of sin  This, they teach, is unnatural. When God created Adam and Eve, death was not part of the created order. It was not until they sinned that death entered the scene  They further teach that death will be destroyed when Jesus returns and the believers receive their resurrected bodies.
The Ten Commandments found in Exodus 20.  Deca means ten in Latin.  Logue comes from "logos" which means "word."  They Ten Commandments originally consisted of ten words which were interpreted.
Dee, John: (1527-1608)
English mathematician and astrologer, most noted for his studies in necromancy and alchemy, which drew the attention of royalty. He was born in London on July 13, 1527, educated at St John's College, Cambridge, and made a foundation fellow of Trinity College in 1546. After lecturing and studying at Louvain, Brussels and Paris between 1547 and 1550, he returned to England in 1551 and was granted a pension by Edward VI. Dee met the future Queen Elizabeth while she was being held under house arrest by Queen Mary. The two developed a friendship that lasted for the rest of their lives.   Dee's house in Mortlake, near London, was for many years a major center of science in England.  Dee salvaged many ancient scientific tomes that had been scattered when Roman Catholic churches and monasteries were ransacked during the Reformation, and his own library of more than 4000 books may have been the largest of its kind in Europe at the time.   His preface to the English Euclid, translated by Henry Billingsley (1570), pointed out the practical applications of geometry and, together with several of his other words, fostered the revival in England of the mathematical arts. Dee spent the years 1583-89 in Poland and Bohemia with the astrologer and alchemist Edward Kelly. It was during this time that he began his experiments in trying to contact discarnate entities in 1581, mainly fuelled by strange dreams, feelings and mysterious noises within his home.  March 1582 Dee started to search for a work colleague. Edward Kelly seemed to fit the bill perfectly, however he was a gifted con artist and continued to fool Dee for many years to come. In November 1582 they encountered an Angel, Uriel. The Angel gave instructions for a magical talisman with which they could contact the spirit world more easily. Many of their ritual objects including Dee's obsidian scrying mirror are now in the British Museum. Kelly would continuously make new discoveries that amazed Dee, and he introduced him to the fact that both good and evil spirits existed beyond the veil. It was around this time that Dee started using the mysterious Enochian script to communicate with the Angels. Called the language of angels it is definitely a structured language, although its real origins are obscure. As the claims of Kelly and his abilities grew, the pair's fame flourished, even in continental Europe. With fame came a source of income, which Dee used to fund his experiments into metal transmutation. Dee also claimed to have found the 'Elixir Vitae' (The philosophers stone) hidden in the ruins of Glastonbury Abbey. He died in poverty at Mortlake in December 1608.
Deer Park:
The site in northern India, near the city of Benaras, where Buddha is said to have preached his first sermon.
The elevation of a human to the rank of a god. It is most commonly achieved after death.
A Christian theological position that asserts that God is the creator of the universe, but does not thereafter exert providential or sovereign control over it. Developed first in England in the late sixteenth century and in France in the eighteenth century, it was an outgrowth of the thinking that propounded natural religion, which was juxtaposed to traditional Christian support of the notion of revealed religion (Compare to Atheism, Agnosticism, and Theism.)
Deja Vu:
The feeling of having already experienced an event or place that is being encountered for the very first time .
The Great Flood.  This story is found in many religions and myths around the world.
A Greek word for a guiding spirit, or guardian angel.  Later corrupted to mean an malevolent spirit.  An evil spirit.  fallen angel who assists Satan in the opposition of God.  Many primitive peoples believe that demons are evil and can possess people. 
Demonic Possession: (see Possession)
A method of interpretation practiced by Christian theologian Rudolf Bultmann (1884-1976) to free the New Testament of first-century mythical concepts and discern its essential message (Gk. kerygma). As a theologian, Bultmann affirmed that Christianity is based on the Christ of faith and not on the Jesus of history. As a German pastor, he was concerned that the essential proclamation of that faith be preached in ways that twentieth-century persons could appropriate. Thus, demythologization entailed eliminating such prescientific concepts as a three-story universe (sky, earth, and underworld) and miraculous healings and replacing them with contemporary concepts.
A coercive attempt to dissuade an individual of religious or ideological convictions believed to be harmful, through a concentrated (usually two to three days) counseling procedure designed to produce a sudden "snapping out." Deprogramming was developed in the 1970s by Ted Patrick and others as a way to rescue family members who were perceived to have undergone negative personality change after joining destructive religious groups.. Often presented as an antidote for brainwashing or mind control, some deprogrammers rationalized the unethical use of force and coercion to rescue victims by illegally holding them against their will (abduction or "snatching") in a process known as "involuntary" deprogramming. 
Determinism:  (See Fate)
Deva: (Sanskrit)
God, a god, a demi-god (see Daiva)
Devadasi:(Sanskirt "female servant of God")
In India, a dwindling institution of women dedicated to temple service who danced and sang in the daily ritual, remained unmarried but sexually active, and embodied auspiciousness. A nun, a female servant of God, especially, a temple prostitute)
Devi: (Sanskrit
A goddess.
(Greek "diabolos," which means accuser.  According to Christian theology: the greatest of all the fallen angels who opposes God and is completely evil. They say his name is Lucifer . Various Christian theologies proclaim that he is: the accuser of the brethren, the dragon, the tempter, the prince of demons, the ruler of this world.  Upon Jesus' return, the Devil will be vanquished to the eternal lake of fire- depending on the eschatological position.  See Satan. Fallen Angel
Devil's Advocate:
A once popular name for the person who argued against, or investigated arguments against, a person's being considered for canonization as a saint in the Roman Catholic Church. This office is also called the "Promoter of the Faith."
Dhammapada: (Pali, "Dhamma Verses" or "footsteps of Dhamma")
Buddhist scripture containing 423 stanzas on a variety of topics; some are doctrinal, but many are gnomic or moral verses. It is often considered, especially in the West and in Theravada countries, one of the most representative Buddhist texts, although it contains many stanzas found elsewhere in non-Buddhist Indian literature and barely touches on some of the central doctrines and beliefs of Buddhism. Its popularity in antiquity, however, seems attested by the number of recensions that have survived in different Buddhist languages, including Pali, "Hybrid" Sanskrit, Gandhari, Prakrit, and classical Sanskrit.
In Vedic astrology, the 2nd, 5th, 9th and 11th are wealth producing houses. Any inter-relation of their rulers, by way of position aspect or conjunction, will produce money. The more strongly they are inter-related, the more wealth is promised in the birth chart, which the native will get eventually in the related major or sub-periods
1) religion, religious doctrines, a code of life, way of good living, duty.  2)The continuous refinement of consciousness. Each manifested state is the potential state of the next evolutionary substance unfolding into more permanent reality, until the consciousness is purified. By virtuous practice of Dharma one may reach a condition which is referred to as the dharma body. This body is not a material body in the normal sense of a body, but is made of indestructible consciousness. It is not only that form of consciousness which created all the primordial matter in the Universe but creates consciousness itself, i.e. I AM or Self consciousness
Dharma, Santarna, (Sanskrit - the eternal religion or eternal truth)
Hinduism, it was founded in India, where it is still practiced by 80% of the people. It is more than a religion in the Western sense. It is also a way of life. Man is limited, but the Supreme Being isn't. Because of our inability to comprehend the infinite, we may look upon Hinduism as polytheistic, but, actually, "Hinduism worships multiple forms of the one God."
Diamond Sutra:
A Mahayana Buddhist scriptural text that expounds the doctrine of the Perfection of Wisdom. The Diamond Sutra was written in India in Sanskrit, then carried into East Asia, where it was translated into Chinese (ca. 400) and became one of the most revered summaries of the teachings of Mahayana Buddhism. The text belongs to the body of literature known as the Perfection of Wisdom Sutras, and expresses the central teaching of the Perfection of Wisdom in the paradoxical claim that a bodhisattva (Buddha-to-be) should resolve to lead all the beings in the universe to nirvana (liberation), while understanding that no beings at all are led to nirvana.
Ancient Roman deity worshiped in wooded areas and in the city of Rome; she was related to human fertility, childbirth, and children.
Bestselling scripture of the Church of Scientology
1) The religion and culture of any group apart from its homeland. 2) Most commonly refers to the Jewish dispersal in Gentile lands following their eviction from Judea in the first century.
The teaching that a human consists of two parts: body and soul. Sometimes the soul is also referred to as spirit. (See Trichotomy
According to popular belief, another realm or reality other than this one.  Many envision an infinite number of "dimensions' coexisting side-by-side like envelopes in a tray. Travel between the various "dimensions" is accomplished through super scientific devices or spiritual or psychic power.  In reality, a dimension is the measurable quality of something. It is neither a place nor location. Time is the fourth dimension.  It is used to measure motion.  Dimensions greater than four measure qualities that only physicists and mathematicians can understand.
The geographical area over which a Christian bishop presides. In the Orthodox Church the term is restricted to the area governed by a patriarch.
A major Greek god, the son of Zeus and Semele. He was the patron of wine and drama and generally of those experiences that transported one beyond the normal human condition. He was worshiped publicly and in private mystery religions concerned with the worshiper's fate after death. In art, he was shown accompanied by wild, half-human satyrs and ecstatic females (Maenads).  He was conceived in a sacred marriage in a stable. At his birth he was cradled in a winnowing fan (which is a symbol of the Holy Spirit)  At the time of his marriage to Ariadne,  he turned water into wine.  He said that he was God who had taken on the form of man.
The state or condition of a living creature who has died, without a body. 
A pupil or follower of a religion, a person, or a movement. Christians often confuse this term with Apostle.
As practiced by the Mormons and many other groups, this is a level of church discipline involving a probationary period of restricted privileges, but retaining church membership. As practiced by th Jehovah's Witnesses, it is an alternate term for “excommunication,” being completely cut off from the church organization; see shunning.
Dispensationalism:      .
That Christian doctrine which says that God uses different means of administering His will and grace which coincide with different periods of time. Scofield says there are seven dispensations: of innocence, of conscience, of civil government, of promise, of law, of grace, and of the kingdom.  Dispensationalists interpret the scriptures in light of these (or other) dispensations. Compare to Ages
Diti: (Sanskrit) 
The  mother of the daityas demons
Diva: (Sanskrit}
A goddess, angel or spiritual being.
Hindu philosophy of Enlightenment.
Divakara: (Sanskrit)
The Sun
The act of foretelling the future or gaining unknown information by using psychic skills or other methods outside of the ordinary senses,palmistry, astrology, tarot and I Ching are examples of divination.
Divine Right:
The claim to authority to rule as granted by God. Divine right is most commonly asserted by monarchs.
Divine Science:
A New Thought church headquartered in Denver. CO.
The nature or quality of being God or God-like. Christian theologies are divided  on just how divine Jesus was and whether or not man is divine.
Doctrine and Covenants: 
One of the scriptures of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints; the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints accepts a different version of the work as scripture.  Earlier editions were called The Book of Commandments.
Dojo: (Japanese, "practice hall")
Japanese hall or room used either for martial arts such as judo, or for religious purposes, especially in Buddhism and also in a number of new religions.
Dome of the Rock:
An octagonal domed shrine built by the Umayyad Muslim Caliph Abd al-Malik in 691 on the sacred place in Jerusalem known as the Haram al-Sharif. Enshrined beneath the dome is an outcropping of the bedrock atop the Jewish Temple Mount. The shrine was built to symbolize the commonality yet dominion of Islam over the two other monotheistic religions that regard Jerusalem as a sacred city. For Muslims, the rock under the dome marks the from which the Prophet Mohammed ascended into the Seven Heavens (Qur'an 17:1).
Don Juan:
The Yaqui Indian shaman who taught Carlos Casteneda in his books.
The Door:  
See Potter’s House.
Dorje: (Tibetan, "diamond," "thunderbolt")
In Buddhism, Tibetan term for the Sanskrit vajra.
Double Bind:   
A mental or psychological dilemma caused when a person receives from a single leader or teacher conflicting messages or "truths" resulting in no appropriate response or answer. See Cognitive Dissonance.
The skill of divining for underground sources of water or other practical and spiritual matters by means of a divining rod or variety of other means, such as the pendulum, or even by deviceless techniques.   Used to locate people, objects, or substances, and to diagnose illnesses.(See Dowsing)
Praise or glorification of a deity. Among Christians, a short hymn of praise.
A practitioner of magick who uses dragons in their workings.
Drawing Down the Moon:
A ritual  performed by the high-priest which invokes the Goddess into the high-priestess
The physical expression of the Jamaican Rastafarian pride in African hair. The hair is grown in its natural form with long flowing locks, uncombed and untreated after washing. Numbers 6:5 provides biblical justification.
The Dreaming:
An English expression adopted by Australian Aborigines to convey ideas that, though related in their thought, are not usually denoted by a single word in any of their languages. One sense is that of a primordial epoch, the Dreaming or Dreamtime, when beings with remarkable powers arose from the ground, descended from the sky, or appeared from over the horizon. They gave the earth its shape by creating physical features (often from parts of their own bodies), fixed life in species form, established human culture, and gave everything its name. These creative beings, who in their totality are the ultimate explanation of all things, are themselves called Dreamings (roughly equivalent to the anthropological term totems). Their significance to the Aborigines is not merely historical but personal and social, for each individual and group gains a distinctive identity through its association with one or more Dreamings. In many regions it is held that such beings reincarnate themselves as humans, or that they left relics behind that, to this day, are sufficiently potent to impregnate women. This sense of oneness, in which past and present, spirit being and human being, are somehow fused, is also seen in ceremonies in which the actors wear designs and make movements symbolic or mimetic of what the Dreamings did in the Dreamtime. By extension, from these two senses of Dreaming, the Aborigines form other expressions, such as Dreaming-place (a site at which a Dreaming was active and left something of itself) and Dreaming-track (an imagined path along which a Dreaming traveled from place to place in the primordial epoch). Contrary to what is sometimes suggested, the term has no necessary connection with the verb to dream, even though present-day revelations to humans by Dreamings normally occur while the recipient is in a dream or trance state.  See Astral World.
Dreamtime: (See The Dreaming)
A Varga. In Vedic astrology this is a subdivision of one third of a sign.
An ancient Celtic religion which has undergone a modern revival.
Druid: (Celtic, "true seer")
A member of the priestly and intellectual elite of the Celts. Druids were the religious and legal authorities in Gaul before its conquest by the Romans (51 BC) and were celebrated for their esoteric knowledge. The druid survived as a stock figure in medieval Irish literature. A priestly caste of the ancient Celtic people of France and the British Isles. They were the keepers of oral history and law, and officiates of  religious practices. Modern Druids are various new religious traditions that attempt to incorporate the insights of ancient Druidism, Celtic history and lore, and romanticized notions of the ancient Druids formed in the eighteenth century. In England today, there are the Order of Bards, Ovates and Druids, and the Ancient Order of Druids, among others.  While there is no scholarly connection between the Druids and Stonehenge, the Ancient Order of Druids used Stonehenge for their rituals until instances of vandalism by the curious closed the ancient site. In the United States, the Reformed Druids of North America (RDNA) began in 1963 as a satirical protest against required attendance at chapel at Carleton College in Northfield, Minnesota. The RDNA developed rituals and lore from Celtic history, poetry, and anthropology, and the movement continued and became more serious, even after the chapel attendance requirement was dropped. The RDNA considered Druidism a philosophy of life, not a religion. In 1966 the New Reformed Druids of North America (NRDNA) reformed Druidism as a Neo-Pagan religion. A few chapters of both groups still exist. Other current American Druidic groups include Ar nDraiocht Fein ("Our Own Druidism"), founded by Isaac Bonewits in 1983. Currently the largest American revivalist Druid organization, it sees itself as a Neo-Pagan religion based on the beliefs and practices of the ancient Indo-Europeans but adapted to modern needs and sensibilities, such as the preservation of the earth and excellence in arts and scholarship.
Adherents of a heterodox Ismaili Shiite sect, called Duruz after Muhammad al-Darazi (d. ca. 1919), an Ismaili missionary. Founded in 1017 in Egypt, the Druze community was oppressed by the larger group of Ismaili Shiites, the Muslim Fatimid dynasty that ruled Egypt and North Africa. The Druze sought refuge in the mountains of Syria-Lebanon, where they since have played a historic role.  Professed monotheists, the Druze hold the Fatimid Caliph al-Hakim (r. 996-1021) to be the sole incarnation of divinity, appearing in all ages. Al-Hakim is believed by the Druze to have created five cosmic principles or ranks: the Intellect, Universal Soul, Word, Preceder, and Follower, which were incarnated in five Druze missionaries. Baha al-Din al-Muqtana (the Follower), who occupies the lowest rank in this cosmic hierarchy, was the author of most of the Druze scriptures, known as the Epistles of Wisdom.  Faced with serious problems of schism led by ambitious missionaries, in 1333 Baha al-Din closed the door of initiation. The Druze have since remained a closed community. Below the five incarnate principles are the fully initiated leaders and then the larger community of ordinary Druze believers. In opposition to these are evil principles representing the darker side of the cosmic order. At death, human souls are immediately reborn in human form. At the end of time al-Hakim, along with one of the incarnate principles (Hamza, who is in occultation), will return to usher in the end of this age and a new messianic era.
Dual Covenant:
The belief that the New Testament applies to Gentiles only. The Jewish people must relate to God through the earlier Old Testament or Abrahamic covenant. A similar doctrine called the Plural Covenant theory emphasizes other covenants in addition to these two major systems.
An understanding of reality as existing in two opposite extremes. Metaphysical dualism sees the universe as existing in two contrary (and sometimes conflicting) realities—mind and matter, or spirit and physical, or yin and yang. Ethical dualism posits a conflict between universal good and an equal and opposite force of universal evil (e.g., the belief that God and Satan are equal and opposite beings).
Dynamic Monarchianism: 
A late second-century doctrine denying the Trinity, put forth by Theodotue of Byzantium and later adoped in modified forms by Paul of Samosata, Noetus and Prazeas.